A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is a legal document describing a bilateral agreement between the parties. It expresses an agreement of will between the parties and indicates a proposed common course of action, not a legal obligation. It is a more formal alternative to a gentlemen`s agreement, but in general the strength of a treaty is lacking. In international relations, moUs fall into the broad category of treaties and should be included in the United Nations Treaty Book.  In practice and despite the insistence of the United Nations Ministry of Rights to submit registration to avoid „secret diplomacy“, MoUs are sometimes treated confidentially. Legally, the title of the agreement does not necessarily mean that the document is binding or non-binding under international law. In order to determine whether a given project should be a legally binding document (i.e. a treaty), it is necessary to examine the intention of the parties as well as the position of the signatories (for example. B Minister of Foreign Affairs versus Environment Minister). An in-depth analysis of the text will also clarify the exact nature of the document.
The International Court of Justice has an overview of the determination of the legal status of a document in the pioneering case of Qatar/. Bahrain, 1 July 1994.  The parties must intend to enter into a legally enforceable agreement, but they do not have to want to create a „contract“ or even understand. For the agreement to be legally binding, each party must promise something to the other party in exchange for something else. For example, the buyer promises money in an agreement on the sale of a car and in return the seller promises the car. Parties often develop agreements with a language that blurs the lines between a treaty and an agreement. The question is whether the parties intend to be legally bound by the terms of the agreement. While what the parties call the written document may prove their intent, it does not determine the nature of the agreement the parties have entered into. An agreement is an expressive consent. It shows that the parties have reached an agreement and are making progress.
Although not legally binding, it is a serious explanation for the impending treaty. For the agreement to be binding, it must propose that the parties intend to be legally responsible for their promises. To determine if this is the case, you must consider the consequences of an offence.