This agreement constitutes the whole agreement between the parties with respect to the purpose of this agreement. We can translate this term as „Full Agreement,“ „Full Agreement“ or „Integrity of the Agreement.“ In the jargon of lawyers, the platform is called the boiler (which could be translated as „model text“ or „default“), but it is a household name. You won`t find that name in the contract. This document is grouped under titles such as General, Other Business or otherwise, which we could translate as „Other Business“ or „Other Alliances.“ This agreement replaces all other written or written agreements or policies relating to the purpose of this agreement and constitutes full acceptance by the parties of the purpose of this agreement. This agreement (including all exhibitions and schedules) represents the total agreement of the parties. Professor Carrasco (civil law lessons. The right to obligations and contracts in general, Ed. Tecnos, p. 150), notes that „this clause does not allow for the choice of means of interpretation of the document, so that the concept of transaction excluded as an object that can be interpreted is an act before those that must be taken into account in the interpretation of the treaty.“ The clause, called a „comprehensive agreement“ or merger clause or integration clause, is one of those easy-to-find clauses at the end of contracts written in English. We will leave you two brief examples and our translation: By Powerful can be used, but its effectiveness may not be as wide in Spain and other similar countries. Our law is not a common law. But although they go all the way, many of them are very important and their formulation is not always easy to understand. We will simply remember that this is a series of frequently used model clauses, which are usually at the end of the contract and are designed to address a number of general or standardized problems.
We have been working with them for many years (we have translated more than 400). „This contract represents the entire contract of the parties with respect to the purpose of this treaty.“ One of them is the clauses of the boil platform, and these, which we are going to talk about today, are one of them. It also reminds us of the good faith role in our contract law: „Finally, the full contractual clause does not prevent it from being included in the measure required by good faith (art. 1.258 ZK) or „deviation from the applicable law.“ If the parties wish to avoid certain unwritten statements or even documents they exchange before the contract is signed, they will introduce this clause. It is also used to limit the liability of each of them in the case of a false legal action on the basis of these claims. In the event of a conflict or different interpretation of the contract or any of its clauses, a court may obtain documents or statements exchanged by the parties during the negotiation phase in order to settle the dispute. Of course. Under the principle of contractual freedom, contracting parties can agree on what they want as long as it does not break the law (i.e., as long as it is not contrary to law or public order).
Sometimes these clauses are longer and explicitly state that, in the case of other previous agreements or contracts signed by the parties on the same subject, they become invalidated, because the content of this new contract must prevail over everything they have agreed beforehand. As in this example, „this contract (including its appendices and attached documents) represents the total consent of the parties who subscribe to it.“